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EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT:

Shingle Roofs

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What's A Shingle Anyways?

Roof shingles, like the ones seen in the photo above, are rectangular roof elements normally made out of asphalt, fiberglass, or both. The shingles will overlap and have one or more layers beneath them to make the entire roof system watertight. Shingles are a very popular, budget friendly option in South Florida. They may not offer the greatest protection, but they're strong enough to withstand most storms and are the cheapest and easiest to install of the major roofing systems.

SHINGLE INSTALLATION IN A NUTSHELL

01 Roof Demolition

Demolition of the existing roofing system down to the plywood deck.

The very first step in the installation of a new shingle roof is to get rid of the system that currently exists on the roof. Based on internal data, around 90% of shingle re-roofs start with existing shingle roofs, but there are a few rare instances where it's advisable to switch from a tile or metal roof over to shingle.

During this stage, laborers are sent to the job site with special equipment to uplift the existing system and literally tear it off. This portion of the process creates the most garbage and debris, so during the process, it's advised to not walk around outside as stray nails may be present on the ground. 

It's also generally required to have ample space close to the roof to place a trailer or dumpster, usually 20-30 yards in length. For most homes, the dumpster is placed on the driveway. If the driveway is made of special material such as stamped concrete, protection will be placed below the dumpster to protect the driveway during the garbage accumulation process. On larger homes, it's possible that the dumpster needs to be hauled away, emptied and returned, but for the most part, only one dumpster is necessary.

This portion of the roofing process is the most invasive to your daily life as it creates lots of noise and trash, but luckily, it only takes a few days on most homes.

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Step 1

02 Underlayment

Underlayment is normally laid down at the same time as the roof demolition.

The second step occurs concurrently with the first step. That means that as a portion of the old roof is torn off, a layer of underlayment is usually applied. This ensures that your home is never susceptible to new leaks during random rain showers as the underlayment makes the roof water tight.

Prior to installing the underlayment, however, the newly exposed plywood is checked for signs of rot and damage. If the plywood is in sufficiently bad condition, the entire board is removed and replaced. Most roofers, including Reggae Roofing, will include up to two or three boards of plywood replacement as being typical on a re-roof. Replacing more than that tends to get charged as a change order to the project. 

This is also the phase where the fascia and surrounding wood is replaced if it's damaged as well. Unfortunately, Florida Building Code does not allow homeowners to save money by forgoing these repairs. Legally, if a board of plywood or surrounding wood is found to be rotten by the roofing contractor, it must be changed out.

After the wood is prepared, a new layer of underlayment, usually what's called a "30 pound" (written as 30#) is installed over the plywood. Different layers overlap and then are secured with roofing nails and tin caps.

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Step 2

03 Shingle Installation

During this phase, County inspectors get involved to ensure the job is done right.

After underlayment is laid down across the entire roof and secured, it's time for the roofing contractor to call the first two inspections: Tin Cap Inspection and In Progress Inspection.

The Tin Cap Inspection has a County Inspector come out to the job site and ensure that the wood is sufficiently strong to uphold a system, and that the underlayment has been made watertight. The In Progress Inspection has inspectors viewing a small portion of laid out shingles, usually about 100 sq ft, and ensuring that the shingle pattern is correct and water tight itself.

After these inspections are passed, the shingle installation crew is called out to the job site to start shingling the roof. The shingling process usually takes 2 or 3 days on a typical home. Shingles are installed in precise patterns, overlapping to give an extra layer of protection from the rain. 

Special shingles are installed on the perimeter of the roof as well as the ridges to account for the special circumstances there. Additionally, the whole system will be secured with metals on every visible edge of the roof. This means valleys and terminating edges of the roof will carry some sort of metal.

The typical metal at the end of a roof is called a drip edge and hangs three inches off the fascia.

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04 Finishing Touches

The goal during this phase is to pass the final inspection and close out the job.

This final phase of the project has the County Inspector coming out one more time to conduct a Final Inspection. This is the County's last chance to find any mistakes made during the installation process before the County certifies the roof as correctly installed by closing out the permit.

Sometime during or after, the finishing touches are to be made on the project. This includes roof accessories, such as switching out vent stacks or installing gutters and downspouts. 

During this stage, most professional roofers conduct their own final inspection to ensure that everything is both up to code and aesthetically pleasing. Once the whole scope of work is complete, the dumpster is taken away from the job site and the laborers pass through the whole perimeter of the home with a powerful magnet to lift up any stray nails from bushes and shrubbery. They also keep their eyes peeled for any garbage that didn't make it into the dumpster, to take that with them and leave the home in pristine condition.

After the workers leave for the last time, final payment is normally exchanged for the final release of lien and the work is officially considered complete.

Then it's time to kick back and enjoy the new roof!

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Step 3
Step 4

WHAT MATERIALS ARE YOU PUTTING ON MY ROOF?

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GAF Shingles

GAF shingles are reliable and almost always in stock. 

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Tamko 30#

Tamko produces the standard ASTM Type II Underlayment required by the Florida Building Code.

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Owens Corning

Owens Corning has TruDefinition shingles which provide a bit more protection.

This is not an exhaustive list of the products used on residential re-roofs. Rather, these are the most popular options. Feel free to click on one of the arrows to visit their website and browse their different products/colors. Additionally, we've attached a sample product sheet so you can see all the specifications of these sample products. This gives you an idea of what typically gets installed on a roof.

PROS

As compared with other roofing systems, here's why you should purchase a shingle roof:

  • Shingles are a much cheaper, more budget friendly option than tile or metal roofs.

  • Shingles still provide sizable 20+ year warranties from the majority of manufacturers

  • The installation process of shingles is much shorter and less intrusive than other systems

  • Other layers can generally be added to shingle roofing systems to further reinforce the system.

  • Removing and installing shingles provide minimal garbage, producing less waste, and making disposal less dangerous to the property itself

  • Shingles come in a variety of colors. Almost any color imaginable is available by some manufacturers

  • Shingle roofs require less maintenance overall. Even after years, shingles will generally not appear dirty or worn

CONS

As compared with other roofing systems, here's why you should not purchase a shingle roof:

  • On average, shingle roofs will last 10-15 years less than a tile or metal roof

  • Manufacturer's warranties are difficult to invoke and require certain conditions to be met

  • Shingles are made of pliable, breakable material, making it more likely to bend during storms

  • Major hurricanes (Category 3 or higher) tend to heavily damage and decrease the lifespan of shingle roofs

  • Shingles only come in two main options for style: three tab and dimensional.

  • Workmanship warranties on shingle roofs tend to be smaller and more restrictive than for tile or metal

  • Shingle roofs generally don't raise the value of a home by as much as tile or metal will

IS YOUR ROOF UP TO CODE?

While ensuring that every detail of every section of work that goes into installing your new shingle roof is legal is a hassle, it's well worth it. There's tremendous peace of mind behind knowing that everything about your roof and the contractor behind it is legal and operating above board.

Every major county in Florida has their own rules and regulations regarding roof work, so be sure to check in with your municipality to see what the specific restrictions/regulations may be, but, in a nutshell, a roofing contractor must be licensed, insured, have worker's compensation and install all materials according to the Florida Building Code and the installation approval method by the County.

Don't leave your roof up to chance. Violating any of the legalities revolving around roofing could lead to giant fines from both the County and the State of Florida for both the roofer and the Owner of the property. It also devalues your home as there's no proof of reparation/re-roof with the property appraiser and creates an extra cost when selling your property in order to make illegal roofwork legal.

HOW REGGAE ROOFING COMPLIES WITH THE LAW:

Licensed

State approved and currently active, our license ensures we can work legally in Florida.

See License

Insured

We're fully insured so you never have to worry about a lawsuit, even after an accident.

See Sample Insurance

FBC Compliance

We follow the Florida Building Code to ensure the safety and integrity of our jobs and workers

Read FBC

NOA Compliance

We follow every Notice of Acceptance to make sure our roofs are installed correctly.

See Sample NOA

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Pay Your Way

Pay it upfront, at the end, or over time.

Our financing options allow you to pay in whatever way is most convenient for you. In general, we require a 20% deposit to begin the job, and then the final 80% is due upon completion of the job.

However, we allow paying more than 20% as a deposit in exchange for a discount on the job. We can also accommodate paying over time by giving you finance options that provide a low monthly payment for your roof. We can even finance the job through Ygrene if you'd like to explore that option. The bottom line is: we want to help you get under a new roof.

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Manufacturers

Who We Work With

There are lots of manufacturers of shingle products here in South Florida. Feel free to click on the links to learn more about these companies and the products they make, which will ultimately go on your roof. Please note that not every product is available in every region of South Florida. For more information on specific products, please contact us directly.

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ABC Pro Guard 20

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Certainteed

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Continental Materials

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Epilay

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FT Synthetics

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Owens Corning

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Warrior Roofing

Considering a Shingle Re-Roof?

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